Today’s society is an expression of the second modernity, its main features being the phenomena of globalization and migration. Both phenomena require a complex research approach as they shape everyday life and affect the transformation of societies, identities and cultures. Precisely for these reasons, but also due to recent events and challenges faced by the European Union, this project aims to gain insight into the changes triggered by globalization and migration, especially in western societies marked by negative demographic trends. Due to the complexity of the issue, the project Globalization of migration, Anti-immigrant parties and Xenophobia in the European Union: Reflections on the Croatian Society and State of the 21st Century (GlobMigrant) is based on four thematic sections.
, provides an insight into the phenomenon of globalization and simultaneous reactionary processes in the form of renationalization, an anti-immigrant political discourse, the foundation of anti-immigrant parties and the rise of xenophobia in Europe. We named this process ‘simultaneous differentiality’ and in the present project proposal, it represents a new methodological and analytical framework alongside methodological nationalism and methodological cosmopolitanism. A component of the methodological framework is the construction of fundamental concepts, definitions and methods of research.
Migration, asylum and security issues in the European Union and South East Europe (the Balkan and the Mediterranean route) in the context of a risk society, is focussed on the challenges and relations arising from the refugee crisis, with an emphasis on the issue of security and the formulation of modern migration policies. Global migration is a major challenge for the European Union, regardless of whether it is economic or forced as a result of wars and the destruction of states.
The third thematic section: The phenomenon of anti-immigrant parties and xenophobia in the European Union in the 21st century, is focussed on researching anti-globalization processes manifested as reactive responses to globalization. Globalization and migration are multidimensional phenomena, as their simultaneous differentiality produces lines of conflict regarding migration: anti-immigrant, populist and radical right-wing parties
Finally, the fourth thematic section: The impact of migration globalization on Croatian Society and State in the 21st century, deals with the impact of the globalization of migration on Croatian society and state in the 21st century, considering that by entering the European Union, the Republic of Croatia became a part of the global migration arena.
We consider a scientific approach necessary for drafting regulation politics, scenarios and migration strategies. Additionally, Croatia is faced with the problem of a decreasing total population (demographic deficit), due to a discrepancy between the number of births, deaths, and emigrants. Having this in mind, it is necessary to analyze the demographic dimension of globalization and its reflection on Croatian society and state, which is the focus of this project proposal.
Specific scientific goals were derived from the project’s general objective and arranged in individual thematic sections:
Globalization of migration and global migration
Migration, asylum and security issues in the European Union and South East Europe (the Balkan and the Mediterranean route) in the context of a risk society
The phenomenon of anti-immigrant parties and xenophobia in the European Union in the 21st century
The impact of migration globalization on Croatian Society and State in the 21st century
The level of insight to be gained by this project can be useful to all institutions in Croatia and the European Union that, whether in a scientific or practical manner, deal with migration, foreigners, integration, multiculturalism, interculturalism, anti-immigrant parties and xenophobia in the context of migration policies and ideologies. This research will show how migration affects the stability of western societies considering the rise in populism, anti-immigrant parties and xenophobia with a special reference to Croatian society and state in the 21st century.